Global Power Technologies – Get to Know Thermoelectric Power Generators

How Do Thermoelectric Power Generators Work?



A thermoelectric power generator is any class of solid-state machines that convert heat directly into electricity or electrical energy into thermal power for heating or cooling. These devices are based on thermoelectric phenomena, which include interactions between heat and electricity flowing through solid materials.

A heat source provides a high temperature, and the heat travels through a thermoelectric converter to an absorber plate, which is kept at a temperature lower than the source. The temperature difference across the converter generates a direct current (DC) to a load (RL) with a terminal voltage (V) and terminal current. The basic configuration of all thermoelectric power generators is depicted in the image.




The reversibility of thermodynamic energy converters separates them from many other conversion devices, such as thermionic power converters. Electrical input power can be immediately converted to pumped thermal power for heating or cooling, or thermal input power can be directly converted to electrical energy for lighting, electrical components operation, and other tasks. Any thermoelectric device may operate in either mode. However, the design of a single device is generally optimized for its unique application.


Thermoelectric Generator Types


TEGs are categorized into three varieties: size, type of heat source for a heat sink), power capability, and application purpose. These include:

  • Fossil Fuel Generators
  • Nuclear Fueled Generators
  • Solar fueled Generators

Fossil Fuel Generators

Heat sources for this sort of generator include kerosene, natural gas, butane, wood, propane, and jet fuel. The output power varies from 10-100 watts for industrial applications. In addition, these thermoelectric generators are used in distant regions such as navigational aids, data collecting, communications infrastructure, and conductive safety, which prevents electrolysis from harming metallic pipelines and maritime systems.


Nuclear Fueled Generators


The deconstructed components of radioactive isotopes might be used to provide a higher temperature heat source for TEG devices. These nuclear-fueled thermoelectric generators are employed in distant applications since they are sensitive to nuclear emissions, and the heat source part may be used for an extended time.


Solar Source Generators


Solar thermoelectric generators have been used with little success to power small irrigation pumps in distant and poor places. Solar thermoelectric generators are built to provide electricity to orbiting spacecraft.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Thermoelectric Generators

The thermoelectric generator has the following advantages:

  • Because all of the components in this TEG device are solid-state, they offer increased dependability.
  • The wide variety of fuel sources
  • TEG devices are designed to supply power ranging from mW to KW, implying that they have high scalability.
  • These are direct energy conversion devices.
  • Silent Operation
  • Compact size
  • Being able to function at severe and zero gravity forces.



The thermoelectric generator has the following disadvantages:

  • When compared to other types of generators, these are quite pricey.
  • In addition, TEGs have a low-efficiency rate.
  • Thermal qualities that are minimal
  • More output resistance is required for these devices.

Applications of Thermoelectric Generators

The TEG technology is commonly used to improve the fuel performance of automobiles. These generators utilize the heat generated during vehicle operation.

Seebeck Power Generation is used to power the spacecraft. In addition, thermoelectric generators can be used to power remote facilities such as weather systems, relay networks, and others.

 The Best Global Power Technologies TEG Models

Global Power Technologies (GPT) is the market leader in the design, production, and marketing of Thermoelectric Generators (TEGs), which provide the most credible source of unattended off-grid power available today.

​​TEGs have a solid-state construction (no moving components) and are designed to function in the harshest settings on the earth. They work in extreme temperatures and weather situations, day or night. Individual TEGs can deliver power ranging from 5W to 500W, and TEGs can be combined to deliver greater power in multi-TEG modular systems. TEGs are available from GPT for general area and severe site activities.

Global Power Technologies offers different TEG models which are custom-made for various settings.


1. Model 1120

The Model 1120 Thermoelectric Generator is classified as Class I, Division 2, or Class I, Division 1. It is a stable, low-maintenance source of DC electrical power with no moving components for any operation when standard utilities are unavailable or unreliable.

Key Features

  • Automatic Spark Ignition 
  • Automatic Fuel Shut-Off 
  • Fuel Filter
  • Low Voltage Alarm Contacts 
  • Volt & Amp Meter
  • Reverse Current Protection
  • Flame Arrestor
  • CSA Certified




Operational Features

  • FM Accreditation (Class I, Div 1, Temp T3)
  • 316 Stainless Steel Regulator and Fuel Valve
  • Interface Panel for Cathodic Protection
  • Pole Mounting or a Bench Stand
  • Filter for the Intake of Air


Model 1500

The Model 1500 Thermoelectric Generator is classified as a Class 1 Div 2 potentially dangerous area generator.

It is a stable, low-maintenance source of DC electrical power with no moving components for any application when standard utilities are unavailable or unreliable.

Key Features

  • Automatic Spark Ignition (SI)
  • Automatic Fuel Shut-Off (SO)
  •  Fuel Filter
  • CSA Certification

Model 5030

There are no moving components in the Model 5030 Thermoelectric Generator. As a result, it is a low-maintenance, dependable source of DC electricity for any application when standard utilities are difficult to access.

  •  Pole or Bench Stand
  •  Corrosive Environmental Fuel System
  • Low Voltage Alarm Contacts (VSR) 
  • Reverse Current Protection



Model P5050

The Model 5030 Thermoelectric Generator has no moving components. As a result, it provides a dependable, low-maintenance source of DC electrical power for any purpose when standard utilities are absent or unreliable.

Key Features

  • Automatic Spark Ignition (SI)
  • Automatic Fuel Cut-Off (SO)
  • Fuel Filters
  • Low Voltage Alarm Contacts (VSR)
  • Reverse Current Protection

 

Global Power Technologies  Distributors

Global Power Technologies provides a wide variety of off-grid power options. If you want to work with a prominent company in the power supply business, Global Power Technologies is a wonderful choice.

Global Power Technologies products are available in bulk from suppliers and distributors worldwide. However, BD Electronics is the leading off-grid power supplies distributor if you want the best supplier services from purchase to delivery.

Please send us a message for more information on Global Power technologies products. Our sales team will be in touch with you promptly.

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